• Affiliated With

    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    • MassGeneral Hospital for Children
    • Harvard Medical School Teaching Hospital

AMBIANCE Publications

Research Publications

Benoit, D., Madigan, S., Lecce, S., Shea, B., & Goldberg, S. (2001) Atypical maternal behavior before and after intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22, 611-626.
Brumariu, L., Bureau, J-F., Nemoda, Z., Sasvari-Szekely, M., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2016). Attachment and temperament revisited: Infant distress, attachment disorganisation and the serotonin transporter polymorphism. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, (34)1, 77-89.

Bureau JF, Easterbrooks MA, & Lyons-Ruth K. (2009) Attachment disorganization and role-reversal in middle childhood: Maternal and child precursors and correlates. Attachment and Human Development, 11, 265-284.

Crawford A, Benoit D.(2009) Caregivers’ disrupted representations of the unborn child predict later infant-caregiver disorganized attachment and disrupted interactions. Infant Mental
Health Journal, 30, 124-144.

Crockett, E., Holmes, B., Granger, D., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2013). Maternal disrupted communication during face-to-face interaction at four months: Relation to maternal and infant cortisol among at-risk families. Infancy, 18, 1111-1134.

David, D., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2005). Differential attachment responses of male and female infants to frightening maternal behavior: Tend or befriend versus fight or flight? Infant Mental Health Journal, 26, 1-18.

Dutra, L., Bureau, J., Holmes, B., Lyubchik, A., Lyons-Ruth, K. (2009). Quality of early care and childhood trauma: A prospective study of developmental pathways to dissociation.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197, 383-390.

Easterbrooks, M.A., Bureau, J-F., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2012). Developmental correlates and predictors of emotional availability in mother-child interaction: A longitudinal study from infancy to middle childhood. Development & Psychopathology, 24, 65-78.

Forbes, L., Evans, E., Moran, G., & Pederson, D.R. (2005). Change in atypical maternal behavior predicts change in attachment disorganization from 12 to 24 months. Child Development, 78, 955-971.

Gervai, J., Novak, A., Lakatos, K., Toth, I., Danis, I., Ronai, Z., Nemoda, Z., Sasvari-Szekely, M., Bureau, J.F., Bronfman, E., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2007). Infant genotype may moderate sensitivity to maternal affective communications: Attachment disorganization, quality of care, and the DRD4 polymorphism. Social Neuroscience, 2, 307-319.

Goldberg, S., Benoit, D., Blokland, K., & Madigan, S. (2003). Atypical maternal behavior, maternal representations and infant disorganized attachment. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 239-25

Grienenberger, J., Kelly, K., & Slade, A. (2005). Maternal reflective functioning, mother-infant affective communication, and infant attachment: Exploring the link between mental states of observed caregiving behavior in the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Attachment and Human Development, 7, 299-311.

Hobson RP, Patrick MP, Hobson JA, Crandell L, Bronfman E, Lyons-Ruth K. (2009) How mothers with borderline personality disorder relate to their year-old infants. Britsh Journal of Psychiatry, 195, 325-30.

Holmes, B. & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2006). The RQ-clinical version: Introducing a profoundly-distrustful attachment orientation with validation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27, 310-325.

Lyons-Ruth, K. (2008) Contributions of the mother-infant relationship to dissociative, borderline, and conduct symptoms in young adulthood. Infant Mental Health Journal, 29,

Lyons-Ruth, K., Bronfman, E., & Parsons, E. (1999). Atypical attachment in infancy and early childhood among children at developmental risk. Part IV. Maternal frightened, frightening, or atypical behavior and disorganized infant attachment patterns. In J. Vondra & D. Barnett (Eds.), Atypical patterns of infant attachment: Theory, research, and current directions. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 64(3, Serial No. 258), 67–96.

Lyons-Ruth, K., Bureau, J-F., Easterbrooks, A., Obsuth, I., Hennighausen, K. (2013). Parsing the construct of maternal insensitivity: Distinct longitudinal pathways associated with early maternal withdrawal. Attachment & Human Development, 15, 562-582.

Lyons-Ruth, K., Bureau, J-F., Holmes, B., Easterbrooks, A., & Brooks, N. (2013). Borderline symptoms and suicidality/self-injury in late adolescence: Prospectively observed relationship correlates in infancy and childhood. Psychiatry Research, 206, 273–281.

Lyons-Ruth, K., Bureau J., Riley, C., Atlas-Corbett, A. F. (2009). Socially indiscriminate attachment behavior in the Strange Situation: Convergent and discriminant validity in relation to caregiving risk, later behavior problems, and attachment insecurity. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 355-372.

Lyons-Ruth, K. & Jacobvitz, D. (1999). Attachment disorganization: Unresolved loss, relational violence and lapses in behavioral and attentional strategies. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.) Handbook of Attachment, New York: Guilford, 520-554.

Lyons-Ruth, K. & Jacobvitz, D. (2008). Attachment disorganization: Genetic factors, parenting contexts, and developmental transformation from infancy to adulthood. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.) Handbook of Attachment (2nd Edition). New York: Guilford, pp. 666-697.

Lyons-Ruth, K. , Pechtel, P. , Yoon, S.A., Anderson C.M. , & Teicher, M.H. (2016). Disorganized attachment in infancy predicts greater amygdala volume in adulthood. Behavioral Brain Research, 308, 83-93.

Lyons-Ruth, K., Yellin, C., Melnick, S., & Atwood, G. (2005). Expanding the concept of unresolved mental states: Hostile/Helpless states of mind on the Adult Attachment
Interview are associated with disrupted mother-infant communication and infant disorganization. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 1-23.

Madigan, S., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M., van IJzendoorn, M., Moran, G., Pederson, D., & Benoit, D., (2006) Unresolved states of mind, anomalous parental behavior, and disorganized attachment: A review and meta-analysis. Attachment and Human Development, 8, 89-111.

Madigan, S., Benoit, D. & Boucher, C. (2011).Exploration of the links among fathers' unresolved states of mind with respect to attachment, atypical paternal behavior, and disorganized infant–father attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 3, 286-304.

Madigan, S., Hawkins, E., Benoit, D., & Goldberg, S. (2006). Reduction of disrupted caregiver behavior using modified interaction guidance. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27, 509-527.
Madigan, S., Moran, G., & Pederson, D.R.(2006). Unresolved states of mind, disorganized attachment relationships, and disrupted mother-infant interactions of adolescent mothers and their infants. Developmental Psychology, 42, 293-304.

Madigan, S., Moran, G., Schuengel, C., Pederson, D., & Otten, R. (2007). Unresolved maternal attachment representations, disrupted maternal behavior and disorganized attachment in infancy: Links to toddler behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1042-1050.

Madigan, S., Voci, S., & Benoit, D. (in press). Stability of atypical caregiver behaviors over six years and associations with disorganized infant-caregiver attachment. Attachment and Human Development.

Moran, G., Forbes, L., Evans, E., Tarabulsy, G., Madigan, S. (2008) Both maternal sensitivity and atypical maternal behavior independently predict attachment security and disorganization in adolescent mother-infant relationships. Infant Behavior and Development, 31, 316-320.

Najmi, S., Bureau, J., Chen, D., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2009) Maternal attitudinal inflexibility: Longitudinal relations with mother-infant interaction and childhood hostile-aggressive behavior problems. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 924 - 932.

Niccols, A., Smith, A., & Benoit, D. (2015) The Working Model of the Child Interview: Stability of the disrupted classification in a community intervention sample. Infant Mental Health Journal, 36(4), 388–398.

Pechtel, P., Woodman, A., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2012). Early maternal withdrawal and non-verbal childhood IQ as precursors for substance abuse diagnosis in young adulthood: Results of a 20-year prospective study. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 5, 316-329.

Schechter DS, Coates, SW, Kaminer T, Coots T, Zeanah CH, Davies M, Schonfield IS, Marshall RD, Liebowitz MR Trabka KA, McCaw J, & Myers MM (2008). Distorted maternal mental representations and atypical behavior in a clinical sample of violence-exposed mothers and their toddlers. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 9(2), 123-149.

Schechter, DS, Willheim E, Hinojosa C, Scholfield-Kleinman, K, Turner JB, McCaw J, Zeanah CH, & Myers MM (2010). Subjective and objective measures of parent-child relationship dysfunction, child separation distress, and joint attention. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 73(2), 130-144.

Schechter, D. S., Zeanah, C. H., Myers, M. M., Brunelli, S. A., Liebowitz, M. R., Marshal, R. D., et al. (2004). Psychobiologcal dysregulation in violence-exposed mothers: Salivary
cortisol of mothers with very young children pre- and post-separation stress. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 68, 313–336.

Shi, Z., Bureau, J-F., Easterbrooks, M. A., Zhao, X. & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2012). Childhood maltreatment and prospectively observed quality of early care as predictors of antisocial personality disorder features. Infant Mental Health Journal, 33, 55-69.

Tereno, S., Madigan, S., Lyons-Ruth, K., Plamondon, A., Atkinson, L., Guedeney, N., Greacen, T., Dugravier, R., Saias, T., & Guedeney, A. Assessing a change mechanism in a randomized home-visiting trial: Reducing disrupted maternal communication decreases infant disorganization. Development and Psychopathology, 2017, 29, 637–649.

Vulliez-Coady, L., Obsuth, I., Torreiro-Casal, M., Ellertsdottir, L., & Lyons-Ruth, K (2013). Maternal role-confusion: Relations to maternal attachment and mother-child interaction from infancy to adolescence. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34, 117-131.

Yoon, S., Kelso, G. A., Lock, A., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2014). Mother-infant joint attention and sharing: relations to disorganized attachment and maternal disrupted communication. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 175(5-6), 494-510.

Review Chapters
Lyons-Ruth, K., Bronfman, E., Atwood, G. (1999) A relational diathesis model of hostile-helpless states of mind: Expressions in mother-infant interaction. In: Solomon J, George C, editors. Attachment disorganization. New York: Guilford, p. 33-69.

Lyons-Ruth, K. & Jacobvitz, D. (1999). Attachment disorganization: Unresolved loss, relational violence and lapses in behavioral and attentional strategies. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.) Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York: Guilford, pp. 520-554.

Lyons-Ruth, K., & Jacobvitz, D. (2008) Disorganized attachment: Genetic factors, parenting contexts, and developmental transformation from infancy to adulthood. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.) Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. 2nd Edition. New York: Guilford, pp. 666-697.

Lyons-Ruth, K., & Jacobvitz, D. (in press) Attachment disorganization from infancy to adulthood: Neurobiological correlates, parenting contexts, and pathways to disorder. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.) Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. 3nd Edition. New York: Guilford.

Clinical Chapters
Baradon, T. & Bronfman, E. (2010). Contributions of, and divergences between, clinical work and research tools relating to trauma and disorganization. In Baradon, T. (Ed.), Relational Trauma in Infancy: Psychoanalytic, Attachment and Neuropsychological Contributions to Parent-Infant Psychotherapy: Routledge: London, England, p. 163-179.

Holmes, B., Lyons-Ruth, K., Gunning, M., Hughes, S., Kelly, K., Stough, C., & Waugh, H. (Submitted for publication.) Mothers’ self-reported emotional intelligence predicts maternal disrupted behavior in face-to-face interaction with 4-month old infants.